Coffea canephora, or robusta coffee, is made from the roasted seeds of the Coffea canephora plant. The main ingredients found in these coffee beans are:
- Caffeine: Robusta coffee beans contain higher levels of caffeine than Arabica beans, with an average of about 2.7% to 3.7%. Caffeine is a natural stimulant that can help to improve mental alertness and physical performance.
- Chlorogenic acids: These are a group of antioxidants that are found in coffee beans. They have been shown to have potential health benefits such as reducing the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
- Trigonelline: This is a compound that is found in coffee beans and is known for its anti-inflammatory properties.
- Melanoidins: These are compounds that are formed during the roasting process and are responsible for the rich flavor and aroma of coffee.
- Carbohydrates: Robusta coffee beans contain small amounts of carbohydrates, primarily in the form of sugars.
- Fiber: Robusta coffee beans contain small amounts of dietary fiber.
- Minerals: Robusta coffee beans contain small amounts of minerals such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium.
- Other compounds: Robusta coffee beans also contain small amounts of other compounds such as proteins and lipids.